Managing disks storage is one of the most basic tasks for a system administrator. We know that storage devices are used to store systems’ and users’ data on a system or server. In this post, we will explain how to manage disks storage in the latest version of Windows systems such as Windows 8, Windows 10, and Windows Server 2016. Before you should manage disk devices in Windows Server 2016, you should be aware of what’s new in File and Storage Services in Windows Server 2016. Please visit the following link and make notes what’s new in Windows Server 2016 for the File and Storage Services.
Adding Virtual Disks to VMware Virtual Machine
To demonstrate this step by step guide, we will use a server named DC1. DC1 is running on Windows Server 2016 as a virtual machine in VMware Workstation Player. For this tutorial, we will add some additional disks to DC1 and then we will use these disks to demonstrate disk management tasks.
For this, you need to perform the following steps:
- Make sure that your virtual machine is powered off. Open the Virtual Machine Settings window and click Add to add a new disk. Ensure that the Hard Disk option is selected and then click Next.
- On the Select a Disk Type page, click Next to proceed. On the Select a Disk page, make sure that the Create a new virtual disk radio button is selected, and then click Next.
- On the Specify Disk Capacity page, set the disk size as 10 GB, select the Store virtual disk as a single file radio button and then click Next.
- On the Specify Disk File page, notice the disk file name and then click Finish.
- Add one more new virtual disk of 10 GB size to your virtual machine and start the virtual machine.
Initializing Disks in Windows
Once you are added new hard disks to a system the disks need to be initialized before you can use these disks. During the disk initialization, you have to choose either GPT or MBR partition table. The partition table defines the features, limitations, and functionalities for a disk. We will cover GPT and MBR partition tables in a separate article. For now, we will select GPT partition table as it provides greater features than MBR partition table.
To initialize a disk, you need to perform the following steps:
- Power on your virtual machine and open the Disk Management console (diskmgmt.msc).
- In the Disks pane, select and right-click the newly added disk (in this case Disk 1) and then select Online.
- Next, select and right-click the newly added disk and then select Initialize Disk.
- Select the GPT (GUID Partition Table) radio button and then click OK.Note: The GPT partition table supports more features than the traditional MBR partition table.
- Using the similar steps, also initialize the second disk that is Disk 2 using the GTP partition table.
Creating Simple Volumes in Windows
Now your disks are ready to create and use partitions and volumes. A partition or volume is a specific space of a storage device that is used to storage system’s or user’s data. There are various types of volumes and each one provides the different level of features and functions. The first one is Simple Volume. There are various tools such as DISKPART.EXE, Disk Management console, and Windows PowerShell that can be used to manage disks in Windows. Here, we will focus on Disk Management console (GUI).
To create a simple volume in Windows using Disk Management, you need to perform the following steps:
- In the Disk Management console, select and right-click the Unallocated space of the desired disk and then select New Simple Volume. Navigate to the Specify Volume Size page box and specify the desired size, and then click Next.
- On the Assign Drive Letter or Path page, make sure that the Assign the following drive letter check box is selected, accept the default drive letter, or change it (if you wish) and then click Next.
- On the Format Partition page, specify the volume name (Volume1) and finish the wizard.
- Using the similar steps, create one more simple volume named Volume2 on Disk 2 with the size of 5000 MB.
- Open File Explorer and verify that the Volume1 and Volume2 are displayed.
That’s all the basic tasks you need to know in order to manage disks storage in Windows systems. Hope, you enjoyed it. Please drop your queries in the comment box. You may also subscribe and share us.